Mozambique, formally the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, enunciated [ʁɛˈpublikɐ di musɐ̃ˈbiki]), represents a nation in southeast of Africa surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the east, United Republic of Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the north-west, Republic of Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa in the southwest region.
The region was discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and inhabited by Portugese in 1505. Mozambique got independence in 1975, and became the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly there-after. It represented a scene of an aggravated civil warfare holding up from 1977 to 1992. The nation was christened Moçambique by the Portuguese later and the Island of Mozambique, originated from Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki, an Arab businessman who firstly traveled to the island and subsequently resided at that place.
The Republic of Mozambique constitutes a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese Language Nations and a perceiver of the Francophonie. Mozambique's life expectancy and infant death rate rates are both amidst the poorest in the world. Its Human Development Index is lowest in the world.
United Nations in Mozambique (UN Mozambique) has played a pivotal role in the development of this region and continues to strive for self-sufficiency of the country and improvement in the standard of living of the Mozambique population.